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Figure 2 | Cell Division

Figure 2

From: Meiotic control of the APC/C: similarities & differences from mitosis

Figure 2

Regulation of the G2/M transition and mitotic exit by the APC/C. Destruction of Pds1 (securin) by APC/CCdc20 triggers the metaphase-anaphase transition. Checkpoint pathways monitoring spindle attachment or DNA damage can inhibit APC/CCdc20 activity by direct association of spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) components or phosphorylation by PKA. The exit from mitosis initially requires the degradation of several regulatory proteins including the B-type cyclin Clb2 by APC/CCdc20. Final mitotic exit requires APC/CCdh1 which continues Clb2 degradation to completion. APC/CCdh1 remains active in G1 partially destroying Cdc20. The decision to enter meiosis occurs early in G1 and requires APC/CCdc20 destruction of Ume6. Inhibition of Cdc20 function by PKA phosphorylation drives the cell through G1 to reinitiate another round of mitotic cell division.

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